The citation format for the Works Cited list is as follows:. Last name, First name. Treaty Territory if applicable. Month Date, Year. Cardinal, Delores. Goodfish Lake Cree Nation. Treaty 6. Lives in Edmonton. Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students. If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation.
Dolby, Nadine. Accessed 20 May Institutio Oratoria. Translated by H. Butler, vol. The publisher produces or distributes the source to the public. Klee, Paul. Twittering Machine.
Museum of Modern Art, New York. The Artchive, www. Accessed May Women's Health: Problems of the Digestive System. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Daniels, Greg and Michael Schur, creators. Parks and Recreation. The same source may have been published on more than one date, such as an online version of an original source. When the source has more than one date, it is sufficient to use the date that is most relevant to your writing. Below is a general citation for this television episode:.
However, if you are discussing, for example, the historical context in which the episode originally aired, you should cite the full date. Adiche, Chimamanda Ngozi. Knopf, , pp. The location of an online work should include a URL. Wheelis, Mark. Accessed 8 Feb.
MLA Style - Citation Style Guides - Research Guides at University of Saskatchewan
When citing a physical object that you experienced firsthand, identify the place of location. Matisse, Henri. The Swimming Pool. The eighth edition is designed to be as streamlined as possible. The author should include any information that helps readers easily identify the source, without including unnecessary information that may be distracting.
If a source has been published on more than one date, the writer may want to include both dates if it will provide the reader with necessary or helpful information. Erdrich, Louise. Love Medicine. Perennial-Harper, The seventh edition handbook required the city in which a publisher is located, but the eighth edition states that this is only necessary in particular instances, such as in a work published before Thoreau, Henry David. Other contributors can also be added to help individuals locate the source themselves. You can add as many other contributors as you like.
Start this part of the citation with the individual's role, followed by the word "by". Notice that if other contributors are added after a period, capitalize the first letter in the individual's role.
If it follows a comma, the role should start with a lowercase letter. Gaitskill, Mary. Gospodinov, Georgi. The Physics of Sorrow. Translated by Angela Rodel, Open Letter, Sources can come in different versions.
There are numerous bible versions, books can come in versions such as numbered editions , and even movies and songs can have special versions. When a source indicates that it is different than other versions, include this information in the citation. This will help readers locate the exact source that you used for your project. Any numbers related to a source that isn't the publication date, page range, or version number should be placed in the numbers position of the citation.
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This includes volume and issue numbers for journal articles, volume or series numbers for books, comic book numbers, and television episode numbers, to name a few. When including volume and issue numbers, use the abbreviation vol. Zhai, Xiaojuan, and Jingjing Wang.
ProQuest Research Library , ezproxy. Lewis, season 1, episode 2, Warner Bros. The production of the source is done by the publisher. The publisher is placed in the citation before the date of publication. Include the publisher for any source type except for websites when the name of the publisher is the same as the name of the website. It is also not necessary to include the name of publishers for newspapers, magazines, or journal articles, since the name of the publisher is generally insignificant.
When sources have more than one publisher that share responsibility for the production of the source, place a slash between the names of the publishers. When including the date that the source was published, display the amount of information that is found on the source, whether it's the full date, the month and year, or just the year. In terms of display, it does not matter if the date is written in a specific order. Make sure to use the same format for all citations.
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When multiple dates are shown on the source, include the date that is most relevant to your work and research. The location refers to the place where the source can be found. This can be in the form of a URL, page number, disc number, or physical place. For page numbers, use the abbreviation p. When using a direct quote or paraphrasing information from a source, add an in-text or parenthetical citation into the body of your work. Direct quotes are word-for-word quotes that are pulled from a source and added into your project.
A paraphrase is taking a section of information from a source and placing it in your own words. Both direct quotes and paraphrases require in-text or parenthetical citation to follow it. You used information from websites, articles, books, and other sources for your paper, right?
Hopefully, you did, because the best research and writing projects use information from sources to validate claims. The purpose of an in-text citation is to give the reader a brief idea as to where you found the information in your writing. When you place a line of text, word for word called a direct quote , or an idea called a paraphrase from another source into your writing, you, the writer, must display:. The major thing to keep in mind is that whichever information you include in the in-text or parenthetical citation, whether it's the author's name or the title, it needs to match the first word in the full citation.
This is an MLA parenthetical citation as the author's name is in parentheses.
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Author's Last Name states, "Direct Quote" or paraphrase page number. This is an MLA in-text citation as the author's name is in the text of the sentence. Twain went on to say, "Jim never got back with a bucket of water under an hour - and even then somebody generally had to go after him 8. If your in-text citation comes from a website or another source that does not have page numbers, use the following abbreviations:.
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Gregor's sister is quite persuasive, especially when she states to her parents, "It'll be the death of both of you, I can see it coming. We can't all work as hard as we have to and then come home to be tortured like this, we can't endure it" Kafka, chap. The girl's affection towards Marley is clear when she blushes upon his arrival and shares that she would like to accompany him to the theater Tales of Times Ago The smaller the class size, the more attention a student receives, which greatly impacts learning Malcolm and Knowles Many lizards, including the Carolina anole, only eat when they're hungry.
They'll ignore food until they're body sends a signal to eat Smith et al. One study shows that the average time spent on homework is 52 minutes R.